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Massachusetts School Suffrage Association. 

The School Suffrage movement in Massachusetts arose 
from the failure to secure the re-election of Miss Abby W. 
May on the School Board of Boston. Judge Russell, who 
was much interested in the matter, declared that two thou- 
sand women voters were needed in the city " to save the 
schools," since the School Committee had become so largely 
a stepping-stone to political preferment. A petition was sent 
to the legislature, asking for the extension of school suffrage 
to women j and a hearing was granted, at which many old 
citizens were present, some of whom were not in favor of 
general suffrage. The result was that on the ioth of April, 
1879, a biN enabling women to vote for School Committee 
was passed by the legislature of Massachusetts, — 129 ays 
to 69 noes. 

On the 15th of November following a meeting of women 
voters of Boston passed the following resolutions at Freeman 
Place Chapel : — 

Whereas it is recognized by all good citizens that the schools are the 
most important of our institutions, since in them are trained morally and 
intellectually our youth, who are to become the citizens on whom depends, 
for good or for ill, the future of our republic, therefore, — 

Resolved, That we earnestly request our fellow-citizens of all political 
parties to bring forward as candidates lor the School Committee only 
persons known to be of high moral character and of good education, with 
time and spirit for the public service and, — 

Whereas we believe that the presence of women on our School Com- 
mittee is both desirable and needful for the best good of our schools, 
therefore, — 

Resolved, That we ask the men of all political parties, in making up 
their tickets for the next*SIection, to put upon them the names of two or 
three women as candidates for the School Committee. 

r , , , , 

This meeting was, the cradle of the Massachusetts School 
Suffrage Association,: and -the above resolutions seem to con- 
tain in a nutshell the future policy of the organization. 

Three days later a so-called Committee of Conference of the 
women voters of Boston met at No. 5 Park Street, and organ- 
ized, with Miss Abby W. May as chairman, and Mrs. Emily 
Talbot, secretary. So vigorous was this little body in its early 
days, that between this date of November 18 and December 8 
no less than eight committee meetings were held, besides one 
general meeting of women voters, in preparation for the elec- 
tion of December 9. A woman's ticket was prepared, and 
three women nominated on it. A conference was held with 
the Nominating Committee of the Republican party, the other 
parties having refused the desired conference. That first 
year 894 women voted in Boston. 

At a meeting of women voters on December 6 it was voted 
to constitute the Conference Committee of twelve a permanent 
committee to take charge of School Suffrage in both city and 
State, and to invite those women to join this committee who 
had signed the letter of the previous May, urging women to 

At the last meeting of this Conference Committee, on De- 
cember 30, Miss May gave an important report on the sub- 
ject of School Suffrage for Women, speaking in detail of the 
recent election in all its aspects, and claiming that the result, 
although at first sight a failure, was really a long step toward 
success in several ways. She mentions three : — 

" First, it proved that there are in Boston, and- ready to 
serve on schools, women whose high character, whose intelli- 
gence, and whose faithfulness to duty are known to be so 
great that they are recognized as worthy to be honored with 
the high responsibility, and are sure to meet it well. 

"Second, it shows that the political parties of the city are 
willing to nominate women as members of the school board. 

"Third, there was proof that the determination of the 
women to vote for good candidates only had its effect on the 
nominations of the political parties. It is now possible to 

anticipate that the days of mere office-seeking are near an 
end, so far as the School Board is concerned." 

If these words of Miss May have proved to be true, in 
some measure at least, of each election that has since taken 
place, who shall venture to say that School Suffrage for 
women is a failure ? 

In accordance with a vote of women voters at a meeting 
of Jan. 13, 1880, a committee of five was appointed to draw 
up a constitution, which was adopted on January 27. Thus 
the Massachusetts School Suffrage Association was formally 
organized, and a board of officers chosen, with Miss May as 
President ; Mrs. Cheney, Vice-President ; Miss Rogers, Sec- 
retary ; Mrs. Whitman, Treasurer ; and seven Directors. 

Hitherto the activity of the women had been confined to 
Boston ; but now the organization of work in the State began, 
and a circular was issued to secure co-operation among 
women. Each of the fourteen counties of the State was given 
in charge to one of the Directors for supervision of the work. 
A second document was also sent out, containing requests 
for information on many points connected with registration 
and School Suffrage. Lecturers were sent by the Association 
into country towns, and articles on the subject published in 
the newspapers. 

The special city work was entrusted to a committee of five, 
which was instructed to form Ward Committees ; and a so- 
called " city document " was published with information 
about voting. 

A school ticket was made up and presented to a meet- 
ing of registered women, when it was adopted with some 
changes, in company with a set of resolutions. There was 
but one woman's name on the ticket ; but it was a proud mo- 
ment for the Boston women voters when they learned that 
this woman, Miss Lucia M. Peabody, retained her place on 
the School Committee this year by means of the votes of the 

At the second annual meeting, in January, 1881, a set of 
resolutions was adopted, whose aim was to increase the effi- 

ciency of the Association. Lecturers were again sent out 
during the year to arouse interest in the smaller towns of the 
State. Miss May's admirable little pamphlet, " What can we 
do by our Votes for the Good of the Schools ? " was published 
in June, and widely circulated. 

In March a memorial was sent to the legislature, asking 
for changes in the law regulating the registration of women, 
and this resulted in the passage of some amendments. 

The year was rich in meetings; for, besides the usual 
monthly meetings and a public meeting in Anniversary Week, 
a conference of teachers was held, and two meetings of 
registered women voters. Two women were nominated on 
the woman's ticket in Boston, Miss Peabody and Mrs. Fifield ; 
and the women voters again had the satisfaction of learning 
that their votes had secured the re-election of Miss Peabody. 
The membership of the Association in 1881 was about 250. 
The number of women registering in Massachusetts was 
3,349; those voting, 1,571. 

The close of 1881 marks an important change in the policy 
and methods of the Association, since at the meeting of reg- 
istered women voters on December 10, a committee was 
appointed to choose a City Committee, consisting of one 
woman from each ward, to take charge of the School Suffrage 
work in Boston. Hitherto, as we have seen, the city work 
had been under the direct charge of the Association. 

During 1882 the plan of holding lectures in different towns 
was continued, and other local work carried on. Inquiries 
were made of the city authorities of Boston with regard to 
the need for re-registration ; and a petition was presented to 
the legislature, asking that lists of women qualified to vote for 
School Committee should be published without the necessity 
of re-registration. 

The attention of the board was, however, largely concen- 
trated upon an attempt to adjust itself to new conditions, and 
to work harmoniously with the Ward and City Committee. 
Conferences with this body were held with regard to methods 
of work, a point of disagreement being the advisability of issu- 

ing a separate woman's ticket for School Committee before 
the party nominations were made. It was finally decided to 
request the Nominating Committee (chosen at a meeting of 
registered women voters) to simply present the name of one 
woman to the different parties before their nominations were 
made, urging their acceptance of it. The wisdom of this 
policy was justified by the event ; for Mrs. Fifield was trium- 
phantly elected by 40,785 votes, the largest number cast, and 
the election of one of the men, Mr. Hyde, was also due to 
the women's votes. The women registered in Massachusetts 
for 1882 were 2,951 ; those voting, 1,346. 

The year of 1883 did not, unfortunately, witness any dimi- 
nution of the friction existing between the city organization 
and the general Association. The Ward and City Committee 
concentrated its energies at this time upon selecting as can- 
didates for School Committee those alone who were known to 
favor the Temperance cause ; while the Association, without 
underestimating the gravity of the Temperance problem, 
steadily adhered to the policy of retaining those retiring 
members of the School Board who had done good and faith- 
ful service in the past. With such conflicting methods, the 
very earnestness of both parties made unity of action impos- 
sible ; and the various conferences which took place during 
the year only served to estrange the two bodies more com- 
pletely. Meanwhile, more or less activity was displayed in 
arranging lectures for the cause in different places. 3,138 
women were registered in Massachusetts, and 1,469 voted. 

At the annual meeting in January, 1884, Miss Mary F. 
Eastman and Col. T. W. Higginson were deputed to prepare 
a course of reading for the use of School Suffrage Clubs and 
parlor meetings ; and at a subsequent annual meeting a com- 
mittee, which afterwards took the matter in charge, reported 
a list of books suitable for this object. 

This year, as well as the last, rejoiced in several confer- 
ences with the City Committee, at one of which Messrs. 
Godfrey Morse, Darwin E. Ware, and George S. Hale kindly 
came, and gave their views on the best methods of work for 

the coming year. Another conference was held to discuss 
the propriety of investigating the private character of the 
nominees for School Committee, no conclusion being arrived 
at. There were also two public meetings held during this 

In November the Directors of the Association registered a 
vote of disapproval of the course of the registered women in 
dropping a valuable member of the School Board from their 
ticket ; and a conference was held with the " minority " mem- 
bers of the body of women voters, in the interests of the 
present situation. The Association at this time numbered 
125 members. 3,778 women were registered in Massachu- 
setts ; 1,896 voted. 

1885 was a comparatively uneventful year. In January, 
at the annual meeting, a resolution was adopted, asking, in 
substance, that the existing arrangements with regard to 
assessment, poll-tax, etc., shall be applied to women 'in the 
same way as to men ; and it was voted to petition the legis- 
lature in accordance with the resolution. 

A new document, with regard to the importance of the 
election of women on school committees, was issued and cir- 
culated. A committee of the Board engaged in quite an ex- 
tensive correspondence with prominent persons throughout 
the cities and towns of the State, asking whether anything 
could be done to arouse an interest in School Suffrage. The 
answers received were somewhat discouraging, as, indeed, was 
the outlook in the city itself; for, although the number of 
women voters in Boston at the election was 2,238, double that 
of the previous year, there was no longer any woman on the 
School Board. A larger number of women were registered this 
year in Massachusetts than on any previous year, 5,260 having 
registered, and 3,227 voting. Early in 1886 a circular was 
issued and sent to all papers in the State, urging the women 
to vote for School Committee at the March elections. It 
was possibly a direct effect of this circular that women were 
elected on the school boards in several towns where no 
women had ever been chosen before, and at all events we 

must believe that the work of the Association was partially 
instrumental in producing this desirable result. 

At the public May meeting in Wesleyan Hall, somewhat 
of a new departure was made in introducing topics of general 
educational interest, but not bearing especially on School 
Suffrage as such. These topics were Industrial Education, 
Physical Training, and Morals and Manners. 

The Association and the cause of School Suffrage in gen- 
eral sustained a severe loss this year in the death of Miss 
Lucretia Crocker, the only woman Supervisor. Despite re- 
newed efforts, the election of Mrs. Fifield was not secured. 
4,219 women were registered in Massachusetts; 1,911 voted. 

At the annual meeting in January, 1887, Miss May, owing 
to continued illness, sent in her resignation from the Presi- 
dency of the Association. It was not accepted by the Direc- 
tors, who could not bear to put another in her place while 
there was any prospect that she might return to fill it. So 
the Vice-President, Mrs. Cheney, was requested to perform 
the duties of the office. 

At this same meeting resolutions were adopted offering two 
prizes, of $50 and $25 respectively, for the two best essays on 
the subject of the duties devolving upon women in conse- 
quence of their right of School Suffrage. At the next Direc- 
tors' meeting a committee was appointed to take this matter 
in charge ; and it was finally decided to award the second 
prize to Miss Anna Gardner, of Nantucket, whose essay was 
printed as a leaflet for distribution. Nine essays were sent 
in, and no first prize was awarded. 

Two excellent meetings in the interest of School Suffrage 
were held in Newton under the auspices and at the expense 
of the Association ; and the Association also bore a part in 
the expenses of the Ward and City Committee in their 
efforts to secure a large vote from the women of Boston. 
The successful election of Mrs. Fifield, and the fact that the 
Boston School Board had chosen a woman, Mrs. Hopkins, to 
fill the place left vacant by Miss Crocker on the Board of 
Supervisors, made the year an encouraging one for the work- 



ers in School Suffrage. 3,892 women were registered in 
Massachusetts, and 1,912 voted. 

Early in the year 1888 Mr. George Pellew, at the request 
of the Committee on Prizes, prepared for the Association a 
pamphlet on "A Neglected Duty of the Women of Massa- 
chusetts," which was widely circulated. It was supplied free 
to the Suffrage Leagues in the neighborhood, and distributed 
from the Woma?i's Journal office, a notice being inserted in 
the paper that copies would be sent to those asking for them. 
Requests were even received from a number of clubs in New 
York State. 

In March a delegate was sent to represent the Massachu- 
setts School Suffrage Association at the Women's Interna- 
tional Council in Washington. 

This year of 1888 was destined to prove the most eventful 
of all years in the life of the Association, although it is diffi- 
cult for those who were not on the spot to realize the intense 
excitement that prevailed during that autumn and winter. 
The anti-Catholic feeling had become so intense, and the 
antagonism it aroused was so strong, that ten times the usual 
number of women presented themselves at the Registrar's 
office, and the Association found itself suddenly brought face 
to face with a practical problem. Early in October a Literary 
Committee was formed to furnish frequent short articles to 
the papers on the duty of tax-paying women to vote at the 
next election. On the 23d of October a special meeting of 
the Board was called " to consider the sudden increase of 
voters in Massachusetts, and the duty of guiding this new 
power rightly " ; and it was decided to call a public meeting 
shortly before the election, to give an opportunity for a calm 
and fair discussion of the questions involved. This meeting 
was held in the Meionaon, speeches being made by Edwin 
D. Mead, Rev. William I. Haven, C. C. Coffin, Miss Mary A. 
Greene, and Mr. John E. Fitzgerald ; and a set of resolutions 
drawn up by Mrs. Cheney was passed. 

A special meeting of members of the Association was also 
called on December 5, to consider what action should be 

iken in reference to a School Committee ticket, in view of the 
act that the Ward and City Committee had voted to issue no 
separate ticket, but to act with the so-called " Committee of 
One Hundred." It was decided to confer with the Nominat- 
ing Committee (whose report the City Committee had declined 
[o accept), and, profiting by their experience, to issue a ticket 
\knd mail the ballot, together with a circular explaining the 
action of the Association, to the twenty thousand registered 
women voters of Boston. This was done, the expense being 
met by private subscription of friends of the cause. 
1 This extraordinary increase in the women voters was not 
limited to Boston ; for in 1888, 28,066 women were registered 
In Massachusetts, of whom 24,992 voted. It is gratifying to 
iearn that this increase in the exercise of suffrage by women 
was productive of no disturbance. The Boston Herald mag- 
nanimously remarks of the polling day in Boston: "Not a 
'single case of rowdyism or even discourtesy marked the ap- 
pearance of the women at the polls : they came, saw, and 
conquered. It was a great day for the disenthralled sex." 

In the midst of the anxiety and excitement previous to the 
election the Association received the most terrible blow that 
could have fallen upon it, in the death of its invaluable and 
revered President, Miss Abby W. May, who died on the 30th 
of November. She had sent in her resignation for the second 
time at the last annual meeting; but the Directors had again 
refused to accept it, and had appointed two Vice-Presidents 
to perform the duties of the office until she should be restored 
to it. At the annual meeting which now followed, in January, 
1889, resolutions were adopted expressing the grief of the 
Directors, and their appreciation of Miss May's services and 
noble example. 

The Ward and City Committee had disbanded after the 
election ; and a new one had been organized, with which the 
Massachusetts Association did not feel that it could work in 
harmony. A number of persons, however, thought that the 
city work could be aided by a separate organization ; and, 
after several conferences with the Directors of the Massachu- 


setts School Suffrage Association, on March 27 a commute* 
of nine persons was appointed, with full powers, to formulate 
a platform for a new organization for city work. This organ- 
ization was eventually completed, under the name of the 
Citizens' Public School Union, several members of which are 
also members of the Board of this Association. The Massa- 
chusetts School Suffrage Association has, however, continued 
its care of the city work, as well as of that in all the rest of, 
the State. 

A new law was passed in this year, obliging the assessors 
to ask at every house for the names of women desirous of 
voting; and the Board voted in April to print a number of 
application blanks for women desiring to be assessed. 

At the public meeting in May the working of the new 
Australian Ballot system was explained, and the teaching of 
religion in the public schools discussed. A new set of resolu- j 
tiOns, expressing the sentiments and aims of the Association 
was also read. 

In November it was voted, in conference with the Commit- 
tee of Nine, to publish Mr. Grimke's summary of the action 
of the legislature of 1889 with regard to the education of 
minors in Massachusetts, together with some introductory 
remarks; and this was afterwards done in the newspapers. 

At another conference meeting it was decided that it would 
be wiser to indorse but six names for School Committee, in- 
cluding those of two women, and to publish this list, with 
introductory remarks, in the papers. 

On April 3, 1890, after the Association, as such, had passed 
its tenth birthday, it was decided that it ought to be legally 
incorporated ; and a committee was formed to take the neces- 
sary steps. The Charter of Corporation was subsequently 
obtained, and the officers of the Association duly sworn. 

At the request of the Public School Union the Board un- 
dertook the circulation of Mr. Parkman's pamphlet, " Our 
Common Schools." 300 copies of Rev. Charles F. Dole's 
pamphlet, with regard to the teaching of religion in the public 
schools, were also received for distribution from the branch 

•iety of Jamaica Plain, which had printed it at its own 

On the 2d of December the members of the Association 
>re invited to meet with the Directors to consider the names 
candidates for the Boston School Board. Eight names 
;re accepted, including one woman's ; and it is a fitting 
vnclusion of the year to chronicle the re-election of Mrs. 

In 1891 it was decided to again omit the public meeting in 
lay, and the time of the annual meeting was changed from 
muary to November. 

I A committee of three was formed to correspond with 
omen in the country towns, and interest them in School 
'uffrage. Excellent work was done in this direction during 
lie summer, correspondence being carried on with eight 
wns. Another plan which originated in connection with 
is, that of issuing a circular to leagues, suffragists, and 
omen friendly to the movement throughout the State, was 
inally carried into effect in the following February, when 
about four hundred such circulars were sent out. Val- 
uable work was also done during the summer in the distribu- 
tion of literature. 5,000 copies of Mr. Pellew's pamphlet 
were sent in July to a club in this State for campaign work ; 
and in August one hundred of the different documents were 
forwarded to a town in Michigan, where they aroused so 
much interest that for the first time two women were elected 
on the School Board ! 

In the autumn a committee of five was appointed to confer 
with the Nominating Committee of the Public School Union, 
with regard to candidates for the coming election in Boston. 
It had long been proposed to have a history of the whole 
School Suffrage movement prepared by the Association ; but 
the project had not been carried out, owing to the difficulty 
of finding a competent person to undertake the task. Finally, 
it was decided to limit it to a history of School Suffrage in 
Massachusetts ; and the matter was left in the hands of the 
Secretary, with the request that she prepare a resume of this 


history, to be read at the annual meeting in Novemb* 
This was done ; and the result, slightly supplemented arj 
enlarged, is embodied in the present pamphlet. 

In 1892 an important change took place with regard t 
the voting of women. On February 2, a hearing, attende 
by many members of the Association, was given at the Stat 
House, with regard to relieving women of all taxes as a pre 
requisite for voting. At length, on the 8th of June, a lav 
was passed, abolishing the poll-tax for women in Massachu 
setts, and placing them in every respect on an equality wit! 
men in School Suffrage. 

During the summer a number of copies were purchase* 
and circulated of an address made by Rev. A. D. Mayo be 
fore the Jamaica Plain Branch Association, and printed b) 
that body. One hundred copies of Mr. Pellew's pamphlet 
were also circulated. 

In the fall it was thought advisable by the Directors t 
make an effort to reach the women of the State through th 
various women's clubs ; and for this purpose a brief circular 
was prepared, calling attention to the greater facility in vot- 
ing in consequence of the new law. Copies of this were 
distributed to many clubs before the fall election. 

As regards the number of women on the school boards of 
Massachusetts, the outlook for the year was very encourag- 
ing. Exclusive of the four women on the Boston School 
Board, there appear to have been, in 112 cities and towns, 
157 serving in this capacity, making a gain of 19 over the 
number reported for the year previous.* At the annual 
meeting of the Association in November, a number of these 
school committee women were present from different parts 
of the State, and gave interesting testimony to the vigor and 
activity of the women on the school boards, their accounts 
being supplemented by extracts from the letters of many 
others who were unable to attend the meeting. 

* Owing to elements of uncertainty in the official statistics, it is possible that this 
number may not be perfectly exact ; but, from the best information obtained, it appears 
to be correct, and is the largest number yet reported for any one year. 


During the present year of 1893 the Association is hoping 
carry out a project it has long had at heart, the preparation 
I a volume containing short biographical memoirs of Miss 
bby W. May and Miss Lucretia Crocker, to both of whom 
a School Suffrage cause is so largely indebted. The Pres- 
ent of the Association, Mrs. Ednah D. Cheney, has con- 
'nted to edit the material, which will be sent to her from 
any different sources ; and it is to be hoped that all friends 
the Massachusetts School Suffrage Association, as well as 
the public schools, will feel an interest in securing a copy 
this volume. 

Eva Channing, 

Secretary of Massachusetts School 
iMAICA Plain, Mass., Suffrage Association. 

April, 1893. 


/ The following By-laws, adopted on April 12, 1890, after the 
/incorporation of the Association, supersede the original Con- 
stitution of 1880 : — 

\ Name. 

The name shall be The Massachusetts School Suffrage Asso- 


The object of this Association shall be to increase the interest 
in educational work by means of lectures, public meetings, and 
distribution of pamphlets and other printed or written matter, and 
in other ways to endeavor to make School Suffrage effective for 
the best interests of the public schools of Massachusetts. 


The officers shall be a President, Vice-Presidents, one or more 
Secretaries, a Treasurer, and a Board of Directors, numbering 
not less than seven nor more than twenty-four. 


The officers shall be chosen annually by the Association, | 
shall have power to fill vacancies occurring during the year. 

All officers shall be ex-officio members of the Board of Directc 

Five Directors shall constitute a quorum. 

The duties of officers shall be those usually belonging to th 
respective offices. 


The vote of a majority of Directors present at any meeting m 
admit to membership such persons as desire to join the Assoc' 
tion and contribute to its funds. 


The annual meeting shall be held in Boston in Novemb< 
Other meetings may be held elsewhere at the discretion of tl 

Methods of Work. 

The Directors shall have charge of all business of the Assoc! 

They may form new societies and establish communication wit:i 
those already existing. 

They may hold meetings, public or private, and may print an 
circulate such matter as they shall deem useful. 

They may appoint local committees, or aid those already exist- 
ing, to take charge of School Suffrage at elections. 


The Constitution or By-laws may be amended at an annual 
meeting, notice of intention to amend being given with the call of 
the meeting. 



The following Resolutions were adopted by the Massachu- 
setts School Suffrage Association on May 28, 1890: 

Resolved, That it is the right and the duty of parents to educate 
their children so as to prepare them to become loyal, industrious, 
and useful citizens of the commonwealth in which they live. 

Resolved, That the State should assist all parents to fulfil this 
duty by establishing a system of free schools which shall provide 
the opportunity of instruction for all children. 

; J 


Resolved, That whenever parents shall carelessly or wilfully 
gleet to secure such education for their children, either by send- 
g them to public schools or by supplying private instruction of 
itable character, the State has the right to enforce the attend- 

!ce of such children at the public schools. 
Resolved, That we recognize the right of private instruction, 
t yet believe that it is for the good of the community that the 
ildren of all classes should be educated at the public schools. 
i Resolved, That the State has no right to dictate to the private 
hool the teachers, text-books, or methods to be used, but only 
require sufficient amount of elementary instruction to be given 
fit the child to discharge the duties of a citizen. 
Resolved, That in connection with the factory law the attain- 
ments of the children can be ascertained either by examination of 
"'/tie child or by an inspection of the school it is certified to attend. 
J Resolved, That the State should recognize no church as having 
paramount authority over citizens. A church is a voluntary asso- 
L ,iation of citizens or a body incorporated under law. Its members 
ff re responsible to the laws, and the commands of the church do 
ctiot exonerate them from punishment for any offence against the 
/peace and order of the commonwealth. 

Resolved, That all colleges, universities, and other institutions 
I of learning are equally responsible to the law, and have no ex- 
clusive privileges of judgment by their own tribunals. 

Resolved, That all religious ordinances or forms should be 
excluded from the public schools, but may be permitted in the 
private schools according to the wishes of the individuals or 
authorities maintaining such schools. 

In a community like ours, where there is no established church 

J and all forms of religion are equal before the law, there should be 

no effort at representations of religions ; but care should be taken 

to treat all persons with respect, and not to offend any by ridicule 

or censure of their opinions. 

Resolved, That the principles of morals and the sentiments of 
kindness, truth, temperance, and justice should be carefully in- 
culcated ; but the methods of doing so must be such as not to 
arouse controversy and ill-will among pupils, parents, and teachers. 
Resolved, That the moral welfare of the schools depends mainly 
upon the personal character of the committee who control them 
and the teachers who have charge of them. The school committee 
should therefore be composed of men and women chosen not 


according to their political or theological opinions, but whose i> 
tellectual and practical ability and high moral character fit thi 
for their work. Teachers should be appointed solely on thct 
merits, and their services should be so well paid and honorat 
recognized as to secure for the schools the ablest men and wom<thf' € 
in the community. •'£ 

Resolved, That, where English is the recognized language of t! a- 
community and government, the State has the right to require th d 
all children shall be taught to use it. r I 


The following documents have been circulated by tl 
Massachusetts School Suffrage Association: — L* 

" Election of Women on School Committee," by Abby \\ i 
May, "What can we do by our Votes for the Good of th 
Schools ? " by Abby W. May ; " School Committee Suffrage," b 
Anna Gardner; "A Neglected Duty of the Women of Mass;.j 
chusetts," by George Pellew ; "Religion in the Schools," h" 
Rev. Charles F. Dole ; " Our Common Schools," by Francis Park 
man; "The Opportunity and Obligation of Women in School' 
Suffrage," by Rev. A. D. Mayo. 

The Massachusetts School Suffrage Association is glad to 
assist those interested in its work and aims with information 
and literature on the subject. 

Boston Public Library 
Central Library, Copley Square 

Division of 
Reference and Research Services 

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cates the date on or before which this 
book should be returned to the Library. 

Please do not remove cards from this 


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